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All you need to know about vaginal yeast infection

At some point, 75 percent of women develop a vaginal yeast or thrush infection.

All you need to know about vaginal yeast infection

The disease should be treated together with your “other half”, because it can be transmitted to your partner who can re-infect you during a new sexual intercourse.

What is vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal yeast or thrush is caused by a fungus called candida albicans. It develops in small quantities in the throat, mouth, intestinal tract, vagina; it can become a genuine invasion under immunodeficiency.

The factors that favour the occurrence of vaginal yeast infection
The factors that facilitate the emergence of infection are different. Among them, we could list: stress, immune-depressive treatments with corticosteroids, chemotherapy, or prolonged treatments with antibiotics, diabetes, AIDS, and other chronic diseases. Changes during pregnancy (vaginal pH decreases), menstruation, and menopause lead to the elimination of female hormone called progesterone that can favour the occurrence of vaginal yeast.

Food that contribute to the development of the vaginal yeast infection
Foods rich in carbohydrates: bread, pizza, pasta, potatoes, or other foods such as soy sauce, cheese, sour cream, buttermilk, vinegar, mustard, spicy tomato sauce, or mushrooms, spices, fruits (dried, frozen or canned), fructose and sugar, including alcoholic drinks, such as vodka and beer.

Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection:
• whitish secretion;
• unpleasant odour;
• (sometimes) pains during intercourse;
• itching inside vagina and vulva.

All you need to know about vaginal yeast infection 2

How to get rid of thrush?
The treatment is carried out together with your partner. You have to make medical microscopic analyses; then your doctor will prescribe a functional treatment. Depending on the severity of the disease, antifungal preparations can be administered, and namely, special vaginal creams (e.g. Gynofort), pills, suppositories, capsules, and gels.

Measures for the prevention of vaginal yeast:
• A proper hygiene; the cleansing of the genital area is made from the front towards the rear, to avoid intrusion of pathogens;
• Avoid using those soaps, bath salts, scented and coloured vaginal deodorants, which contain substances that lower the pH of the vaginal;
• Use cotton underwear instead of synthetics, which fosters the development of vaginal yeast bacteria.
Consume foods that enhance immunity, and avoid the above mentioned products, that trigger this infection.

These recommendations have been kindly provided by Valentina Diug, obstetrician-gynaecologist.

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