Anxiety disorder in children. What is it?

Anxiety is just a variety of stress. It can be experienced in different ways — physically, emotionally, and in the way people look at the world around them.

Anxiety disorder in children

Anxiety mainly relates to worrying about what might happen, about things going wrong, or feeling like you’re in some kind of danger.

Anxiety is defined as a feeling of worry or nervousness. When the level of anxiety is great enough to interfere with a child or young person’s everyday activities, we call this an anxiety disorder in children. Anxiety disorder is a psychiatric condition that may require medical or psychological treatment.

Everyone experiences feelings of anxiety from time to time. Kids might feel it, too, in similar situations — when facing an important test or changing schools, for example.

Anxiety disorders in children have multiple, complex origins. Anxiety may be caused by genes, as well as the home, neighbourhood, school and other backgrounds.

Children and teens can have more than one type of anxiety disorder at the same time. Here are several types of anxiety disorder in children:

Separation anxiety disorder in children
Sometimes older children and teens become frightened of leaving their parents. They may worry that something bad might happen to their parent or to someone else they love. Children with separation anxiety disorder may refuse to go to school or they may be unable to go to sleep without a parent being present.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
This is a condition in which the child or adolescent has numerous worries and fears. They may experience physical symptoms like tense muscles, becoming tired easily, having problems concentrating, or difficulty sleeping.

Anxiety disorder in children 2

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Symptoms for OCD usually begin in early childhood or puberty. Children or teenagers with OCD have frequent, unreasonable, and uncontrollable thoughts.

Panic Disorder
This is a severe type of anxiety disorder in children. Teenagers, and sometimes children, are often imminent of having a panic attack when they feel very scared. They may also feel shaky, dizzy and think they are going to lose their mind or even die.

Anti-anxiety medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that aid in regulating the brain chemicals and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) have been shown to be efficient in the treatment of anxiety disorder in children.

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