Ovulation is the process of the release of a mature egg in the ovary through the fallopian tubes.
Ovulation normally occurs halfway a menstrual cycle, but it can be delayed under certain conditions (stress, disease, hormonal disorders). It occurs once during a menstrual period, being the time when fertilization can occur.
Methods of identification of ovulation:
In case of a regular menstrual cycle that lasts 28 days, it is easier to identify the period of ovulation – the 14th day following the first day of menstruation.
In the case of an irregular menstrual cycle, ovulation is more difficult to be identified, but not impossible, especially if you take into account the methods specified below.
During ovulation, basal temperature rises. Body temperature increases due to the high levels of progesterone, which is produced to allow the ovule to descend towards the uterus in a fertile environment.
A graph tracking basal temperature within a few months helps you track the fertile period, because temperature increases once the egg reaches the uterus, i.e. it cannot be fertilized. However, if you know when your ovulation is, you can start trying to conceive a baby a few days before. After ovulation, body temperature increases by no more than 1 degree.
The position of the cervix and consistency of cervical mucus
Observing the position of the cervix helps to identify ovulation. To check the position of the cervix, the first step is to wash your hands, but also to make sure that you do not have sharp nails that may injure the mucous membrane of the vagina.
The examination must be done on a daily basis to identify its position within a cycle. Check whether:
â€¢ Your cervix can be easily touched
â€¢ Your cervix is soft or firm
â€¢ Your cervix is dry, wet or very wet
In the first half of the menstrual period, the cervix is firm and can be easily reached. In addition, the hole that can be touched remains closed. During ovulation and a few days before or after, the cervix goes up to the top of the vagina, is wet and covered with cervical mucus.
All these changes happen to maintain a conducive fertilization environment. In addition, the cervix is soft and fine, and during the maximum point of ovulation, the cervix is almost impossible to touch. Mucus increases in quantity; it is semi-transparent, having the consistency of an egg white. A few days after ovulation, the cervix returns to its original position.
Abdominal pains and breast sensibility
On the day of ovulation abdominal pains occur, sometimes accompanied by nausea, bloating, or even pain during sexual intercourse. Breasts are more sensitive and become even slightly painful during palpation.
Identification of the fertile period during a menstrual cycle is useful when we want to conceive a child, because we have a better chance as early as the first month of trial.