Too much body hair, acne, irregular menstruation, extra weight…
These are just some of the signs of the polycystic ovarian syndrome that should warn you that you should go see a doctor immediately, especially if these symptoms occur in puberty.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS) is a condition that involves 1 out of 10 women between 20 and 40 years old. It is a severe endocrine disorder, requiring appropriate treatment in a timely manner. If untreated, in time it can lead to the appearance of an increased risk of diabetes or heart disease, and even infertility.
Ovarian cysts do not mean polycystic ovarian syndrome
The causes of the syndrome are not known, but researchers have concluded that there are a number of factors that would encourage the emergence of this disease, such as high levels of insulin, luteinizing hormone, genetic weight, and inheritance. Unlike regular cysts, in case of POS, the under-developed follicles gather in the ovaries. Egg cells of these follicles do not grow up; therefore the woman will not have her period.
A key feature of the syndrome is insulin resistance. This means that the cells no longer respond to this hormone action. The primary signs which should send you to a specialized control are: repeated menstrual disorders: i.e. reduced number of menstruation per year, or even its lack over a long period of time. The pelvic pains at menstruation occur, unwanted hair appears on the face, chest, abdomen, back or even on your fingers, and you may experience inconveniences such as acne, oily skin, dandruff, or weight gain.
Treat polycystic ovary syndrome in time!
If untreated, polycystic ovary syndrome may lead to infertility. There are also cases when women can get pregnant, but there is a risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, premature birth; it takes constant monitoring during pregnancy.
The increased ratio of oestrogen and progesterone that occurs in polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent risk factor for the occurrence of endometrial cancer. Polycystic ovary syndrome also increases the risk of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, sleep apnoea, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.