Good reproductive health means that women are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce, and the liberty to decide if and when to get pregnant.
Women should be provided access to safe methods of family planning, and the right to proper health-care services.
Reproductive health includes the protection of women’s reproductive health system and fertility. It includes a range of issues, such as birth control, sexually transmitted diseases, ability to get pregnant, and infertility.
Your reproductive health depends on many factors such as your age, lifestyle, and general health.
Menstruation and menopause
Menstruation is a monthly process by which a woman’s body gets ready for the chance of a pregnancy. The average menstrual cycle lasts 28 days from the start of one to the start of the next menstruation.
Menopause is the lack of menstruation for 12 months.
Pregnancy and preconception care
Pregnancy is the term used to describe when a woman has a growing foetus inside of her. It usually lasts about 40 weeks, from the beginning of the last menstruation to childbirth.
Prenatal care is the care woman receives during a pregnancy. It is significant for the health of both mother and the developing baby.
Preconception care and prenatal care help to raise the best health outcomes for mother and baby.
Fertility and infertility
Infertility is the term used for women who are unable to get pregnant after at least one year of trying to conceive a baby.
Contraception is considered to prevent pregnancy. Among the most popular birth control methods, there could be listed:
â€¢ Condoms and diaphragm, which are designed to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg for fertilization.
â€¢ Intrauterine device, which is a small device that is inserted into the uterus by a health care doctor. It prevents a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.
â€¢ Hormonal contraception, such as birth control pills, injections, skin patches, and vaginal rings, releases hormones into a woman’s body that interfere with fertility by preventing ovulation and fertilization.